The Perspective Of Native People Regarding Developmental Projects Of China Pakistan Economic Corridor (Cpec) In Gwadar, Balochistan

Theme/Relevant Ministry:

CPEC Authority; Gwadar Development Authority; Government of Balochistan

Project Brief:

Gwadar’s economic potential has become a center of debate in national and international media. However, less discussed are the people living there, especially the native communities who are mostly dependent on fishing as a source of livelihood. This study takes a people-centric approach by employing qualitative method with grounded theory as a research design. The study has primarily explored the perspectives of native dwellers of Gwadar regarding the positive and negative impacts of CPEC projects. Intensive fieldwork has been carried out in Gwadar city to collect data from various groups including fishermen community, people displaced/ re-located by the CPEC projects, daily wage laborers, local community leaders/influential, the micro-business community, government officials, and students. The findings reveal that the local people had a lot of expectations from the CPEC projects, but overtimes these expectations have changed into concerns and frustrations. Most people acknowledged and appreciated the development of infrastructure in Gwadar as several mega projects have been executed in the city as part of CPEC. However, the locals have been feeling discriminated against as they are facing water scarcity, long hours of electricity load shedding, few employment opportunities, etc. They also fear that they should be relocated by the government from the land of their forefathers and the city. The local people, especially the fishing communities have been feeling restrictions on their movement and access to the sea which has affected their fishing business. This research has also attempted to arrive at a theory to interpret, predict and manage the attitude of the local people towards mega development projects. Policy recommendations have been provided at the end of this report to make CPEC more meaningful for the local people of Gwadar and to (re)gain their trust and confidence in the government.

Public Policy Relevance:

This study helps in shifting the focus from national to the local, from economic and strategic to social and cultural, from competing elites to the grassroots, and from quantitative to qualitative implications of CPEC, thereby bridging the knowledge and policy gap.


Final Research Report, Policy Brief and Journal article can be downloaded from the link:

CGP 01-152
Zahid Ali
Lecturer/PhD Scholar University of Turbat/University of Peshawar (PI)
12 months
Rs. 2,891,300/-