Pakistan has experienced massive growth in urbanisation since its inception in 1947. Urbanisation in Pakistan is quite different from the one that occurred in the developed world as an outcome of industrialization, thus, making supplying side of housing very much dependent on demand side. Conversely, urbanisation in Pakistan surpassed industrialization. For instance, Lahore alone has witnessed 10 times increase in population from 1.12 million in 1951 to 11.12 million in 2017. This uncontrolled and unsustainable growth in citizens’ size, referred to as urban sprawl here, puts unprecedented economic and psychological strain on urban communities, policy-makers, and street level administrator alike. Whereas a number of studies examine the dynamics and the drivers and the effects of urban sprawl, only a handful of researchers have examined the role of regulations and unfair market practices in urban sprawl. Given this background, the current study seeks to ask: how have regulations and unfair market practices supported by bureaucracy been causing urban sprawl in Lahore, Pakistan? This inquiry departs from the extent literature by offering an in-depth qualitative account of drivers of urban sprawls, which would be of interest to urban policy makers and social scientists alike.
Exploration and Analysis of the Drivers of Urban Sprawl in Pakistan: A Case Study of Lahore
Assistant Professor in History
Government College University Faisalabad